#10 - Network Topology | #Unit_02 #Grade_10 #Tamil


Network Topology 
Network topology refers to how various nodes, devices, and connections on your network are physically or logically arranged in relation to each other. Think of your network as a city, and the topology as the road map. Just as there are many ways to arrange and maintain a city—such as making sure the avenues and boulevards can facilitate passage between the parts of town getting the most traffic—there are several ways to arrange a network. Each has advantages and disadvantages and depending on the needs of your company, certain arrangements can give you a greater degree of connectivity and security.

There are two approaches to network topology: physical and logical. Physical network topology, as the name suggests, refers to the physical connections and interconnections between nodes and the network—the wires, cables, and so forth. Logical network topology is a little more abstract and strategic, referring to the conceptual understanding of how and why the network is arranged the way it is, and how data moves through it.

Star Topology 
A star topology, the most common network topology, is laid out so every node in the network is directly connected to one central hub via coaxial, twisted-pair, or fiber-optic cable. Acting as a server, this central node manages data transmission—as information sent from any node on the network has to pass through the central one to reach its destination—and functions as a repeater, which helps prevent data loss.


BUS Topology 
A transport topology situates all the gadgets on a system along a solitary link running a solitary way from one finish of the system to the next—which is the reason it's occasionally called a "line topology" or "spine topology." Data stream on the system likewise follows the course of the link, moving in one heading.

Ring Topology 
Ring topology is the place hubs are organized around (or ring). The information can go through the ring system in it is possible that one course or the two headings, with every gadget having precisely two neighbors.


Tree Topology 
The tree topology structure gets its name from how the focal hub works as a kind of trunk for the system, with hubs broadening outward in a branch-like style. In any case, where every hub in a star topology is legitimately associated with the focal center point, a tree topology has a parent-youngster chain of importance to how the hubs are associated. Those associated with the focal center point are associated directly to different hubs, so two associated hubs just offer one shared association. Since the tree topology structure is both very adaptable and versatile, it's frequently utilized for wide region systems to help many spread-out gadgets.

Mash Topology 
A work topology is a many-sided and expound structure of point-to-point associations where the hubs are interconnected. Work systems can be full or fractional work. Fractional work topologies are generally interconnected, with a couple of hubs with just a few associations, while full-work typologies are—shock!— completely interconnected.

Types of Network, #10 - Network Topology | #Unit_02 #Grade_10 #Tamil



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Hello, I’m Ramzan Graphics Designer and WEB Developer from Mutur, Trincomalee Sri Lanka.I am owner of Ram Soft Tm. I hold a Pearson BTEC HND in Computing from ESOFT Metro Campus.
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